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Cocci Corner - Preventing coccidiosis

Management Tips to Prevent Coccidiosis

Calves

• Ensure optimum colostrum intake (3 litres within 2 hours of birth).

• Have isolation pens for sick animals to reduce spread.

• Dose animals 7 days before onset of expected symptoms based on history, or as soon as a reduction in thrive occurs in line with a high faecal oocyst count.

• Raise water troughs off the ground (30-40cm).

• Ensure water troughs are cleaned daily.

• Provide 2 water troughs per group.

• Top up bedding to a level that calves can ‘nest’ with legs not visible.

• Avoid soiled or wet bedding and change frequently. Dry bedding will reduce the coccidia burden.

• Clip cows’ tails pre-calving.

• Use oocyst killing disinfectant for calving and rearing pens. Follow disinfection protocol correctly (dilution, drying times etc.).

• Avoid stocking animals too densely.

• Do not add young/older animals to a calf rearing group.

• Solid walls are best in rearing pens.

• Ensure there is no air movement at animal level (draughts)

• Use calf jackets at an environmental temperature <10 degrees celsius.

• Introduce long fibre (straw) and concentrate feed at day 3.

• Chop edible straw and mix it through concentrate creep feed to discourage the consumption of bedding material. Straw should be at a length between 0.5-2cm.

• Weigh and faecal sample calves monthly from week 4.

Outdoors/sheep

• Young animals should be placed on clean pasture i.e. previous silage field.

• Move troughs around the pasture regularly.

• Place troughs in dry areas in the field.

• Weigh and faecal sample monthly.

• Use fields that animals have not got coccidiosis from after turning out in previous years.

• If possible, graze fields with ewes or store lambs prior to calf turnout and vice versa, turn lambs into ground previously grazed with cattle.

• Fence off wet and poached areas of the field.

• Avoid fields with direct access to watercourses.

• Minimize stressful events for the animal which will weaken its immune system.

• Ensure ewes have a high plane of nutrition before lambing.

• Ensure adequate shelter in fields to prevent stress.

• When dosing, adhere to dosing rate.

Calibrate equipment correctly.

• Ensure correct dosage rate is used, never under dose.

Watch the videos below and check out these articles

What is Coccidiosis?

How soon can animals get Coccidiosis?

How does an anti-coccidial drench work?

Management Tips to Prevent Coccidiosis

Calves

• Ensure optimum colostrum intake (3 litres within 2 hours of birth).

• Have isolation pens for sick animals to reduce spread.

• Dose animals 7 days before onset of expected symptoms based on history, or as soon as a reduction in thrive occurs in line with a high faecal oocyst count.

• Raise water troughs off the ground (30-40cm).

• Ensure water troughs are cleaned daily.

• Provide 2 water troughs per group.

• Top up bedding to a level that calves can ‘nest’ with legs not visible.

• Avoid soiled or wet bedding and change frequently. Dry bedding will reduce the coccidia burden.

• Clip cows’ tails pre-calving.

• Use oocyst killing disinfectant for calving and rearing pens. Follow disinfection protocol correctly (dilution, drying times etc.).

• Avoid stocking animals too densely.

• Do not add young/older animals to a calf rearing group.

• Solid walls are best in rearing pens.

• Ensure there is no air movement at animal level (draughts)

• Use calf jackets at an environmental temperature <10 degrees celsius.

• Introduce long fibre (straw) and concentrate feed at day 3.

• Chop edible straw and mix it through concentrate creep feed to discourage the consumption of bedding material. Straw should be at a length between 0.5-2cm.

• Weigh and faecal sample calves monthly from week 4.

Outdoors/sheep

• Young animals should be placed on clean pasture i.e. previous silage field.

• Move troughs around the pasture regularly.

• Place troughs in dry areas in the field.

• Weigh and faecal sample monthly.

• Use fields that animals have not got coccidiosis from after turning out in previous years.

• If possible, graze fields with ewes or store lambs prior to calf turnout and vice versa, turn lambs into ground previously grazed with cattle.

• Fence off wet and poached areas of the field.

• Avoid fields with direct access to watercourses.

• Minimize stressful events for the animal which will weaken its immune system.

• Ensure ewes have a high plane of nutrition before lambing.

• Ensure adequate shelter in fields to prevent stress.

• When dosing, adhere to dosing rate.

Calibrate equipment correctly.

• Ensure correct dosage rate is used, never under dose.

Watch the videos below and check out these aricles

What is Coccidiosis?

How soon can animals get Coccidiosis?

How does an anti-coccidial drench work?

02
Feb